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Introduction to Hybrid Vehicles

2009 Cadillac Escalade Hybrid

What is a hybrid vehicle?

A vehicle that utilizes two or more distinct power sources to move the vehicle is know as Hybrid vehicle. Add a refined transmission and powerful batteries and it’s a technique that makes the most of petrol, the one fuel that’s available in all American states at over 180,000 stations. Hybrids use the electric motor and battery storage to capitalize on the fuel economy from standard gasoline-burning engines.

Depending upon the design and handling, hybrids can have up to 30% fuel savings (occasionally more) over if compared to a regular petrol vehicle. And that explains into less greenhouse gases spewed into the environment also. Best of all, hybrids are intended for effortless of use just get in and go off.

Hybrids may be classified as the following:

Mild: uses the electric motor and battery as an assist to the internal combustion engine.

Full: the two driving force systems (electric motor and internal combustion engine) can work separately or in combination with each other.

Plug-in: the internal combustion engine acts only as a back-up to the main rechargeable motor and battery system.

How do Hybrid vehicles work?

Hybrid-electric vehicles (HEVs) combine the advantages of gasoline engines and electric motors and can be put together to achieve different objectives, for example improved fuel economy, better power, or added secondary power for electronic devices and power tools.

Some of the advanced technologies normally used by hybrids comprise

Electric Motor Drive: The electric motor gives extra power to back the engine in speeding up, passing, or hill climbing. This allows a smaller, more efficient engine to be used. In a number of vehicles, the motor single-handedly provides power for low-speed driving conditions where inner combustion engines are least capable.

Automatic Start/Shut off: Automatically shuts off the engine when the vehicle comes to a stop and restarts it when the accelerator is forced down. This prevents wasted energy from idling.

Regenerative Braking: The electric motor applies resistance to the engine causing the wheels to decelerate. In return, the power from the wheels turns the motor, which functions as a generator, converting energy normally wasted during coasting and braking into electricity, which is stored in a battery until needed by the electric motor.

Why Hybrid Cars and SUVs?

Here are the reasons why you should prefer a hybrid car instead of typical gasoline car:

Hybrid cars and SUVs are environment friendly. They can reduce pollution by 90%.

Hybrid cars and SUVs are efficient in medium and long run than standard gasoline cars and SUVs.

Hybrid cars and SUVs are more reliable than electric cars and SUVs, as they have petrol as an alternate fuel.

Hybrid cars and SUVs make you less dependent on fossil fuels.

Benefits of Hybrid Vehicles

There are incentives for Hybrid vehicle owners which do vary in every state.

Hybrids are much cleaner cars and SUVs than standard vehicles with lesser CO and other greenhouse gas discharge.

Hybrids provide a better mileage.

The future for hybrids looks bright with quick progress in hybrid technology to improve engine efficiency.

Hybrid cars and SUVs carry with them a bundle of advantages.

Hybrids combine uncontaminated energy of the electrical motor with the power of the gas-powered engine which results into lower emissions and better mileage.

As a result of the increasingly improving technology, hybrids perform at par with the regular gas-powered vehicles, if not better.

Hybrids are reliable and comfortable as any conventional car and they have a tax benefits (only till 2006).

Owing to the Regenerative Braking technology, the batteries need not be charged by an external source.

Special warranties are offered for the battery pack, the electric motor other expensive items.

Hybrids help lessen the dependency on fossil fuels which directly influences fuel prices.

Drawbacks of Hybrid Cars and SUVs

Hybrid cars and SUVs, despite the fact that are very useful, do have a few disadvantages.

Do remember here that the pros far exceed the cons.

High price tag: hybrids cost roughly around $2,000 to $5,000 more their non-Hybrid editions.

More weight due to battery packs.

Some states charge additional fees for registration.

In the occurrence of an unfortunate accident, there is a possibility of exposure to high electrical energy wires.

Hybrids have a complicated system which has to be taken care of by experienced mechanics only.

Spare parts maybe hard to find and may be costly.

Usually, hybrids have a lower acceleration than that their average counterparts.

Hybrid Car Facts

Despite the fact that hybrid cars have not been on the US market for very long, they have been sold in Japan since 1997. A number of consumers worry that hybrid cars and SUVs may not last as long as other vehicles, but it is not abnormal for a hybrid car to run like new when it has 250,000 miles on it. The best part - hybrid cars and SUVs don’t require any more maintenance than gasoline cars.

Hybrid cars and SUVs show much lower depreciation rates than standard gasoline cars. They are now and will continue to be in exceedingly high demand, so hybrid cars and SUVs maintain their importance wonderfully, making a hybrid car a sound investment.

Hybrid cars like the Toyota Prius produce 90% less pollutants than similar non-hybrid cars. By putting less harmful chemicals in the environment, the harmful causes of pollution can be stopped or even reversed.

The United States government highly supports all the hybrid car owners by allowing a tax mark off. In 2005, this reimbursement may be as high as $5000!

While it is true that hybrid cars and SUVs do have expensive parts, they also have warranties that provide free replacement of the most expensive parts for many years.

Hybrid cars aren’t a trend. Almost every major auto manufacturer has announced either the launch of a hybrid car or plans for a launch. A large part of this is because of the CAFÉ – Corporate Average Fuel Economy law, by which an automaker are required to maintain a minimum mileage of 27.5mpg across its product line. By spending in the hybrid technology, they can offer quicker, larger engines in the rest of their line up.

You don’t have to be an environmental lover to purchase a hybrid cars and SUVs. Think about the following, for example:

ABC Construction has a team of 10 work trucks that jointly drive around 2500 miles in a week, and $308 of gas used in a week.

A new hybrid truck is being offered by a major company can help ABC Construction save approximately $7000 per year, in just petrol expenses.

When reasoning in lower reduction and tax incentives, this number shoots up.

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